Chief’s Testimonies & Statements




Statement From STN Chief Velky

August 7, 2019

A Plan for Predictable Failure

The same old tribes play Bridgeport and Connecticut the same old tune.

Chief Richard Velky, Schaghticoke Tribal Nation

Attention City of Bridgeport and Connecticut legislators: The real reason there is no casino in East Windsor, or in Bridgeport, is because the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes don’t really want another casino in Connecticut.

These two tribes have been attempting to play Bridgeport and the State like a one-stringed ukulele.

Let’s look at the facts. In the mid 1990’s the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe convinced Bridgeport Mayor Joe Ganim and Governor Rowland to support their casino proposal for Bridgeport, instead of the proposals from other proven major developers, like Wynn Resorts. The Wynn proposal was valued at $1.3 billion dollars. The Mashantucket’s? $500 million—less than half the Wynn proposal. Still, for some reason, the Mashantucket got the bid—and as we all now know, Bridgeport got nothing.

In 2004, the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation, after decades of hard work, gained federal recognition. We were the third tribe in the state to do so, along with the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes. This recognition would have given the Schaghticoke the same rights as the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes, including gaming rights and the same right to build a casino.

One of the locations the Schaghticokes was considering at the time was Bridgeport, which sits in the area of the Schaghticoke’s historic lands. However, the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes lobbied to have the Schaghticoke’s recognition decision reversed, and with the help of then Attorney General Richard Blumenthal, it was.

Of note, this is the first time in the history of the Bureau of Indian Affairs that a reversal had ever been done.

The purported reason for why the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes lobbied against their own Native Americans was that “Connecticut didn’t need a third casino.” Once again, Bridgeport got nothing.

Fast forward to 2017. The State legislature gave the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes an unprecedented “exclusive right” to build a casino off of tribal lands as a “commercial entity.” These tribes chose East Windsor, not Bridgeport.

Next, the State legislature, and Governor Dannel Malloy, ignored Attorney General George Jepsen’s warning that this off-tribal-land commercial entity could be unconstitutional, and would be subject to numerous legal challenges brought for by other parties. Attorney General Jepsen was correct, and the East Windsor project has been on hold for over two years. Today, East Windsor has no casino, and there is no third casino in Bridgeport or anywhere else in the State. Do you see a pattern here?

Just last week, a bipartisan group of legislators who represent Southeastern Connecticut (host to the State’s two casino), East Windsor and Bridgeport offered a plan to build a casino in Bridgeport. This proposed “penny arcade” casino would supposedly involve a mere $100 million investment and would give the Mashantucket and Mohegan tribes the exclusive right to operate sports betting and online gaming. Two questions: Do you want those two tribes owning all Connecticut gaming? And more immediately, how does that proposal compare with one developer’s proposed $700 million world-class resort and casino in Bridgeport, instead of a penny arcade?

The answer is clear—not only does the proposed penny arcade proposal woefully pale in comparison to the $700 million project, but it involves the same players who have historically failed to deliver anything more than hollow promises. If this latest proposal goes forward—and fortunately, it appears many officials recognize the potentially problematic issues the proposal raises—then the people of Bridgeport, and the entire State, should expect this same old tune to end the way it always has. With nothing. Nothing but years of litigations and lost opportunity.


Chief Richard Velky

Schaghticoke Tribal Nation


Please Click Here For Official Statement:Bridgeport-Casino-Final-8_07_19-1




Richard Velky

Chief, Schaghticoke Tribal Nation

May 1, 2018



Testimony before Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee

April 17, 2017

By Chief Richard Velky

My name is Richard Velky, I am the Chief Schaghticoke Tribal Nation since 1987. I speak to you today in favor of House Bill 7319, An Act Concerning a Request for Proposals for a Casino Gaming Facility in the State.

The Schaghticoke’ s 300 years of state recognition as a tribe make us one of Connecticut’s First Families. In that time we have witnessed our state’s entire history through the prism of broken promises and stolen opportunities. But today we see a genuine opportunity for true economic development and job creation through the establishment of the state’s first commercial gaming operation, one that finally gives us a chance to compete on a level playing field.

This opportunity was nearly squandered with the hasty passage of Special Act 15-7 in 2015, which essentially awarded a gaming monopoly to the Mashantuckets and Mohegans. This Special Act and legislation proposed this year to implement it – Senate Bill 957 – would bring a limited gaming facility to northern Connecticut, designed more to disrupt MGM’s $1 billion casino investment in Springfield than to spur any true economic growth. Fortunately support for that bill seems to be waning, as it should – if we’re going to do this, citizens need to demand a better deal.

We are now presented with legislation that does demand a better deal by significantly raising the level of investment and commitment required. The state needs to realize the full potential of commercial gaming here – millions more in new annual revenues and thousands of well-paying jobs – rather than treat this as a spoiler for a new casino just over the border.

This bill finally takes the opportunity seriously. It does so by requiring a minimum investment of $500 million – substantially higher than what MMCT has planned in East Windsor – a higher percentage of gross gaming revenue and, yes, a competitive and open process.

STN stands ready, willing and able to compete for the right to offer commercial casino gaming in southwestern Connecticut, and this bill creates the necessary pathway.

Several years ago, we conducted a preliminary assessment of potential casino-gaming facility sites, and determined a new commercial casino located in western or southwestern Connecticut would be economically viable. Additionally, a study done last year shows southwestern Connecticut has five times the value for gaming development than north central Connecticut.

Before the U.S. Interior Department bowed to political pressure and stripped our hard-earned federal recognition in 2005, our tribe had backing and support from several high profile casino-minded investors. We created relationships and drew up plans with developers, investors, casino operators, local mayors and representatives of other recognized tribes. We had the vision, the relationships and the backing to do it then, just as we do today.

All we need is a chance to compete and a pathway to success. House Bill 7319 gives us that chance by demanding a better deal for Connecticut.



TO: Members of the Connecticut General Assembly’s Public Safety and Security Committee
FROM: Schaghticoke Tribal Nation Chief Richard Velky
RE: Economic Impact Study done in 2016 by Strategic Market Advisors
DATE: March 9, 2017

 In addition to my testimony today, I would like to submit the attached Economic Impact Study, done in 2016 by Strategic Market Advisors of Portsmouth, NH, for your consideration. This study examined the potential of Southwestern Connecticut as a gaming market for the State of Connecticut, and it shows that Southwestern Connecticut – with its immediate accessibility to the tri-state area of Connecticut, Rhode Island and New York – has an estimated gross gaming revenue of $3.8 billion. This is roughly five times the value of the area between Hartford and Springfield, where a scaled down slot-house casino is being considered in East Windsor.


A casino in Southwestern Connecticut would create thousands of jobs where they are needed the most, and would offer a high-quality gaming operation within the proximity of a much more populated area, as opposed to a smaller venue made up merely of slot machines and table operations in a much more limited market.


Thank you for taking the time to review and consider the findings of this study, and we are happy to discuss this in greater detail with you at your convenience.



Testimony for the Public Safety and Security Committee Information Hearing

February 23, 2017

By Chief Velky


  1. Introduction

Chairman Larson, Chairman Guglielmo, Chairman Verrengia, Vice Chairs, Ranking Members and Committee members, thank you for inviting me to testify today on this critically important matter. My name is Chief Richard Velky – I have been the Chief of the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation since 1987 and I speak to you as a representative of more than 300 members of our Tribe in Western Connecticut.

The Colony of Connecticut formally recognized Schaghticoke Tribal Nation’s reservation in 1736 – making it one of the oldest tribal reservations in the United States. Schaghticoke Tribal Nation was then recognized by the State when Connecticut became part of the United States of America, and has continuously remained a State-recognized tribe since that time. Today, Schaghticoke Tribal Nation has a 400-acre reservation in Litchfield County, Connecticut, within the boundaries of the Town of Kent.

  1. Federal Recognition No Longer a Prohibition

The Schaghticoke started the process of pursuing federal recognition in 1981. The Bureau of Indian Affairs reviewed our application and conducted fact-finding proceedings over the next two decades. The review process yielded tens of thousands of pages of records documenting the Schaghticoke’s longstanding existence as a cohesive tribal nation in western Connecticut. In February 2004 – more than 20 years after the process began – we received sovereignty and federal recognition. Unfortunately, State and federal officials engaged in unprecedented acts to pressure the Interior Department to reverse its decision to formally recognize the Schaghticoke and enabling the Mashantucket Pequot and the Mohegan Tribe’s to maintain their sole rights to conduct casino gaming within the State but exclusively on tribal lands.


Fortunately, federal recognition would not be required to participate in commercial gaming operations.  As a matter of law, should the State of Connecticut decide to establish a new Commercial Gaming industry where the State is responsible for regulating gaming operations located off of tribal lands, there would be no prohibition on the Schaghticoke’s ability to be considered.

III. Ready Willing and Able

Schaghticoke Tribal Nation has proven its longstanding commitment to pursuing gaming operations as a form of economic-development. We are ready willing and able to compete for the right to offer commercial casino gaming in Connecticut.  Several years ago, we conducted a preliminary assessment of potential casino-gaming facility sites and determined that a new commercial casino located in western or southwestern Connecticut would be economically viable, working on its own or as part of a partnership or joint venture with a third party, including parties located outside of Connecticut.


During the time period when we were seeking federal recognition, prior to the Interior Department’s withdrawal of our federal recognition, we had backing and support from several high profile, in-state and out-of-state casino-minded investors. In particular, we had numerous formal and informal plans, meetings, and/or deals with these developers, investors, casino operators, as well as local mayors and representatives of other recognized tribes, concerning a potential partnership or deal to develop a casino in Bridgeport or elsewhere in Connecticut.


Now that the state of Connecticut is considering commercial gaming we have continued to seek various funding sources.  However, it is impossible to secure required financing from reputable banks, gaming operators, or real-estate development corporations without  an underlying law that would enable us to, at the very least, compete for the right to operate a commercial gaming establishment.


  1. Market Driven Analysis

We have completed a market analysis, which shows that a commercial casino in western or southwestern Connecticut would be feasible and profitable. The Technical Memorandum was completed in March 2016, by Strategic Market Advisors.  Our study has been submitted as part of my formal testimony for your review and consideration.  The report’s key findings are as follows:

  • This is Nearly a $4 Billion Gaming Market – Even while the combined gross gaming revenue of Foxwoods and Mohegan Sun fell to $1.6 billion in 2015 the gaming market comprised of Connecticut, Rhode Island and eastern New York experienced a compounded annual growth rate of 2.5% between 2006 and 2015 with an estimated combined gross gaming revenue in 2016 of $3.8 billion.
  • The Southwestern Part of Connecticut is an Ideal Location for a New Commercial Casino – The southwestern part of the state’s economy is closely related to that of New York City, and accordingly is densely populated and features relatively high incomes. A casino in this area would be more proximate to New York and could therefore be expected to attract from a more highly populated area. Given the market potential, an operator or investor in the Southwestern part of the state would enable us to secure an investor with sufficient capital to offer more slot machines and table games as well as the infrastructure to accommodate more guests including parking, dining, and a broader array of amenities including a hotel. This cannot be said of a satellite casino planned by MMCT.

On January 7, 2017 the Journal Inquirer reported that MMCT had selected the towns of East Windsor and Windsor Locks “after a detailed economic analysis” – HOWEVER, MMCT has never released the actual updated economic analysis that is the basis of its choice of location.  I respectfully call upon this Committee to formally request that MMCT make its updated economic analysis public so that any purported benefit to the State of Connecticut in the way of job creation, tax revenue, capital investment, and potential vendor contracts can be compared to those offered by our proposal.   It is our contention that our study proves out the proposition that if properly taxed a new commercial casino located in the southwestern section of the state would sufficiently offset any potential loss of revenue the state could suffer by allowing a third party to operate the commercial casino while at the same time creating a net gain in the state’s employment rate, and key net economic indicators.

  1. Open, Fair, Transparent and Competitive Process

After the State adopted Special Act 15-7 Schaghticoke Tribal Nation attempted to register the tribal business entity contemplated by the Act with the Secretary of the State, by filing articles of organization for a tribal business entity called “Confluence of Rivers Tribal Business Entity LLC.”

The Secretary of the State’s Office initially approved our tribal business entity, issuing it business ID 1196424 on February 2, 2016. Based on that approval, we then publicly announced that, in accordance with Section 1(b) of Special Act No. 15-7, we intended in due course to issue a request for proposals to municipalities regarding the establishment of a possible casino gaming facility.

Unfortunately, the very next day, the Secretary of the State’s Office publicly announced that our application had been granted “in error” because the application “meets the standard to create an LLC, but not the requirements of the Special Act.”


In short, Special Act 15-7 was enacted only for the benefit of the privileged tribes. In point of fact, the only difference between our tribe, the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation, and the other two tribes, Mashantucket Pequot and Mohegan is that they have enjoyed economic benefits granted exclusively to them by the state for approximately 20 years. If in fact, their proposal to build a $300 million satellite, slot house casino, specifically designed to attract Connecticut residents is in the state’s best interest they should have no problem competing against our proposal in an open, fair, transparent and competitive process. We certainly welcome the opportunity. Moreover, an open and competitive process will avoid the numerous constitutional challenges that legal experts tell me could result in years of litigation.

Thank you for considering my testimony.


Thursday, August 4, 2016  “While Schaghticoke Tribal Nation (STN) believes that Special Act 15-7 violates the United States and Connecticut Constitutions in several ways, including by denying STN a fair and equal opportunity to compete for the State’s first commercial casino, we are choosing to focus our resources on the upcoming 2017 legislative session, which will present a critical opportunity for the General Assembly to fix Special Act 15-7’s anticompetitive and unconstitutional framework. STN will continue to evaluate its options for litigation after the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit rules on MGM’s appeal, and after the 2017 legislative session.”




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